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Restoring the Truth of Overseas Electric Fraud: A "General Agent" Led Dozens of Fellow Villages to Crime

Date: 2023-11-15 PageView: 10202

Since the beginning of this year, news about overseas telecommunications fraud has frequently become the focus of society. Who are the people in the offshore e-commerce companies? What drives them to cross the border and cross the legal "red line"?


Prior to this, the public security organs of Yangxin County, Hubei Province cracked a cross-border telecommunications network fraud case involving Laos, the Philippines, Malaysia and other places. Recently, the reporter rushed to Yangxin County to visit the prosecutors, police, and people involved in the case, and strive to restore the truth of overseas telecommunications fraud.

Calm "big man"

On April 24 this year, Tan, who was hiding everywhere, was arrested in a community in Gongan County, Hubei Province. On the same day, Yangxin County Public Security Bureau police brought it back to Yangxin review.

Talking about a certain arrest is an "unexpected harvest". In an overseas telecommunications fraud case previously cracked in Heyang County, Shaanxi Province, several persons involved in the case (all dealt with in separate cases) mentioned him when they confessed their experiences. At that time, the police who participated in the arrest of Tan did not realize that this gentle-looking young man turned out to be a "big man" of an overseas e-fraud company ".



"Do you know that you could face more than ten years in prison?"

"Really? That's much lighter than I thought. I thought I would have to be sentenced to life......"
When answering a question from Xiang Kehui, assistant prosecutor of the Second Procuratorate Department of Yangxin County Procuratorate, Tan Mou was very calm. In fact, he had "rehearsed" this scene in his mind. A year ago, when I was talking about returning home, I heard that some of my companions had been arrested. As a result, he began to inquire about the news everywhere, recording in detail the time, place and punishment of his companions in the mobile phone memo. Tan wants to understand the police's movements through the arrested person, and even tries to infer the legal consequences that he may face through the punishment of others.

From Bar DJ to Yangxin "General Agent"

In 2018, Tan Mou, a DJ in a bar in Bangkok, Thailand, learned from a chat with guests that a "win-win company" operating an online gambling platform in Laos was recruiting salesmen. The salesman is mainly responsible for "drainage", that is, looking for suitable objects on major social platforms to induce them to invest money in the online gambling platform. It is said that being a salesman is not only easier than DJ, but also has a high salary. It is very exciting to talk about something. With the idea of giving it a try, Tan returned to his hometown of Yangxin to meet five or six friends and boarded the plane to Laos together.

Before the official start of work, the company has special personnel to train them in speech skills. Talk about a person who is good at choosing suitable words according to different goals and performs well in a group of people. Half a year later, the company adjusted the incentive mechanism, who can attract more people, can get a more generous commission. Tan Mou thought of his "nice" fellow villagers and began to encourage relatives and friends in his hometown to earn money together. Soon after, more than ten people went to Laos under the arrangement of Tan.

From then on, Tan officially became the company's Yangxin "general agent", responsible for recruiting and managing all Yangxin personnel of the company. Compared with the salesman, he can charge another 30% of the "performance" of other countrymen as a commission. Since then, talk about a will leave the "line" work.

Xiang Kehui introduced the structure of "win-win company" to reporters. The overall distribution of "win-win companies" is pyramidal: boss-general agent (30% commission)-secondary agent (10% to 15% commission)-supervisor (10% commission)-team leader (5% commission)-salesman (5% commission). "There will be many general agents under the boss, and there will be many second-level agents under the general agent, and so on. The agents are generally divided by region, the supervisor is responsible for managing the staff of an office, and the group leader is mainly responsible for training new salesmen and guiding them to carry out specific operations." Xiang Kehui also summed up the common points of these suspects: they are generally low in education and young, and most of them are unable to undertake technical work.

The "talent training model" of offshore fraud companies"

Tan said that the first thing to learn in a "win-win company" is "self-brainwashing". Many newcomers will feel guilty after deceiving people at the beginning, and the company will arrange special personnel to carry out "psychological counseling" for them ". Tan will also confidently enlighten them and instill in them the ideas of "this kind of thing is what you want", "it is their own choice for them to be cheated" and "even if they are not cheated by the company, they will be cheated by others.

According to Tan, in order to cater to the social habits of most people, "Win-Win Company" sets working hours from 12 noon to 10 pm. "This time period is better to find goals, and people are more likely to be influenced by emotions at night."

Under the reporter's questioning, Tan also mentioned the "talent training mode" of the electric fraud company ". The training contents for new salesmen when entering the company include: familiarizing themselves with the playing methods of major popular social software, finding and analyzing targets, packaging their own accounts, etc. The company will use many "successful cases" to give new speech training, and will also teach new people how to deal with emergencies.
After the salesman enters the actual operation stage, each person will receive a computer, a mobile phone and a phone card, and then register the accounts of each social platform as required. Then, they will build themselves into successful people such as bank executives, financial planners, and engineering designers on their personal profiles, and then look for personal profiles with words such as "emptiness" and "loneliness" on social platforms. Men or women who like to show off their wealth. After greeting, if you find that the other party has the intention to make friends, you will gradually cultivate your feelings to gain the trust of the other party. Finally, the salesman will "inadvertently" tell the other party that he has a way to make money and show his balance on the fraud platform, guiding the other party to bet on the gambling platform step by step.

Talk about a frankly, the odds and balance of the online gambling platform can be modified backstage. It can ensure that the victim wins money at the beginning of each game and can withdraw cash. However, as the victims continue to increase their gambling capital, the chances of winning will gradually decrease, and eventually they will not be able to get back the principal.

When talking about living abroad, Tan said: "the company stipulates that salesmen are generally not allowed to leave the park, but all I have are acquaintances. When I have time, I will take them out of the park to relax and dispel some of their thoughts of returning home." Tan said that if the person he brought did not work for the agreed time (usually one year), he, as an agent, had to bear their round-trip transportation expenses, accommodation expenses, meals and accommodation expenses after arriving at the company, so he hoped that everyone could stay in the company.

In May 2019, Win-Win was disbanded after being surrounded by local armed forces. During his tenure in the company, Tan made a total profit of more than 100 million yuan through direct fraud and "commission" from others.

More than 60 "return" fraud-related personnel to the case

As a result of talking about a case suspected of fraud and organizing others to secretly cross the national (border) border, the location of the crime is outside the country, the level of the gang is complex, the number of people involved in the case is large, and the concealment is high, which brings great difficulties to the investigation and evidence collection, and the public security organs are unable to quickly clarify the criminal facts of the persons involved in the case after filing the case. After communication and coordination, the Yangxin County Procuratorate took the initiative to send personnel to intervene in accordance with the law, and the police of the Yangxin County Public Security Bureau went to Heyang County, Shaanxi Province to investigate and collect evidence. In response to key issues such as the time of participation in an overseas fraud group, its role in an overseas fraud group, the mode of fraud, and the total number of fraud groups, prosecutors guided investigators to conduct key interrogations of criminal suspects held in Heyang County.


"The public security organs have launched a centralized arrest of the returning personnel who have identified their true identities, analyzed the financial transactions of the criminal suspects, verified and compared the information of the relevant personnel, and collated the verified fraud-related App, website address, domain name and other information on the national anti-fraud big data platform to fully verify the situation of the victims." Ming Yao, the police officer handling the case, said.

At the same time, the court also held a meeting with the Yangxin County Public Security Bureau to sort out the clues transferred by Heyang County and guide the public security organs to investigate from the entry and exit records of the persons involved. "In handling the case, we focus on the analysis and judgment of relevant flight information, combined with the social relations of the outbound personnel and the confessions made after the arrival of a certain case, to further lock in the number of people involved in overseas fraud. The public security organs carry out online pursuit of suspects with sufficient evidence, one by one, to ensure that the whole chain of attack." Xiang Kehui added.

According to investigation, from March 2018 to April 2022, Tan, as a "win-win company" in Laos Golden Triangle, a company in Manila, Philippines, "excellent company" in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and "Hengrong company" in Laos Golden Triangle, recruited Yangxin personnel to use domestic and foreign social software to lure domestic residents to invest in virtual gambling platforms and carry out telecom network fraud activities. During this period, Tan made a total of more than 700 million yuan in illegal profits, and the amount involved was as high as more than 3000 million yuan.

After investigation, from March 2018 to April 2022, Tan and his staff successively recruited more than 70 fellow villagers to Laos to carry out telecom fraud. 62 people have been involved in the case. The procuratorial organ approved the arrest of 41 people and prosecuted 18 people. At the same time, the procuratorial organ made a decision to approve the arrest of four key members of the criminal group who were hiding abroad and did not return.

At present, the case is under further trial, and the tandem case and other persons involved are also under simultaneous review.



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